Switzerland"s defence and security policy during the Cold War (1945-1973)
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Verlag Merker im Effingerhof , Lenzburg
National security -- Switzerland., Switzerland -- Military po
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The concept of "réduit" is a recurring theme in Swiss defense stayed neutral during World War II, Switzerland retained the concept for its plans of resistance against a putative Soviet invasion during the Cold War, when it became a strong influence on the Swiss concept of neutrality.
History. Fortification of the Swiss alpine region began in the s, shortly after the opening. In the event of an invasion, the entire country of Switzerland is rigged to destroy all of its road, bridges, railroads, and other infrastructure. Or at least it was during the Cold War. Geoff Manaugh reports on a John McPhee book about the country’s defenses.
The purpose of the book was to draw the attention of the population to the defense of the nation in times of the Cold War and to the counter-measures planned in case of conflict. Among the topics treated beside Resistance (see picture above) were, for example, the consequences of an atomic attack (pages ) or the destruction of Alpine.
This last report signalled the most fundamental change in Swiss security policy since the end of the Second World War: From autonomous defence towards international cooperation. Exactly what form this international cooperation shall take remains subject to intensive debate in Switzerland.
26 PUK EMD, p 27 Ibid. p 28 PUK EMD (note 11 Cited by: 4. Switzerland's Military Defense Involves Blowing Up All Roads Into The Country.
and the Cold War — it's important to have a very secure insurance policy against overeager invaders. Author: Walt Hickey. ment of international security policy since the demise of the Cold War in and discerns trends that are likely to dominate the Switzerlands defence and security policy during the Cold War book agenda in the coming decades.
While much has been written recently about post-Cold War interna-tional security, the unique advantage of this compilation of articles is its comparative approach. The policy of détente toward the Soviet Union inaugurated by President Richard M.
Nixon and National Security Adviser Henry Kissinger, with its. Security Studies and the end of the Cold War - Volume 48 Issue 1 - David A. Baldwin of course, have usually shared this view. Their voices, however, were more salient in security studies during the “golden age” than during the s. See Hitch, Charles J., “National Security Policy as a Field for Economics Research.
In many ways, these were also the most dangerous years of the Cold War. The Cuban missile crisis and other dramatic events of that period were of critical significance in shaping approaches to national defense, foreign policy, and intelligence that served each country for the balance of the Cold War confrontation.
[Top of page]. The high base level of defense spending during the Cold War resulted from the dominant ideology of global anti-communism, which called forth various foreign policy doctrines (e.g., the Truman Doctrine, massive retaliation, the Reagan Doctrine) and military commitments (e.g., NATO, bilateral defense treaties, U.S.
military “advisers” in. Project Blue Book, which had started inwas the latest iteration of the Air Force’s UFO investigative interviewing project members Captain Edward J. Ruppelt and astronomer J.
As a small and open economy, Switzerland was and is dependent on access to foreign markets. At the same time, during the Cold War it pursued a policy of strict neutrality between the two blocs, although it considered itself part of the West in economic, political and cultural terms.
Switzerland during the Cold War () (PDF, kB. The aim of the article is to examine the definition of “security governance” and the way Britain responded to the emergence of new actors in the field of foreign and defence policy.
After showing the difficulties met by classical state-centred theories to predict or explain changes in international relations, “security governance” is offered as one of the new International Relations.
The military history of Switzerland comprises centuries of armed actions, and the role of the Swiss military in conflicts and peacekeeping worldwide. Despite maintaining neutrality since its independence from the Holy Roman Empire inSwitzerland has been involved in military operations dating back to the hiring of Swiss mercenaries by foreign nations, including the Papal States.
The Swiss Armed Forces (German: Schweizer Armee, French: Armée suisse, Italian: Esercito svizzero, Romansh: Armada svizra) operates on land and in the air, serving as the primary armed forces of the country's militia system, regular soldiers constitute a small part of the military and the rest are conscripts or volunteers aged 19 to 34 (in some cases up to 50).
Odd Arne Westad is the author of an outstanding book, The Global Cold War, on the Cold War, as well as other work on this important topic. This book is a very ambitious attempt to produce a one volume overview of the Cold War and contains a good deal of fine narrative and analysis but suffers from some structural s: Switzerland, straining under cost of maintaining vast network of bunkers built during World War II as defense against German invasion, has decided to.
Switzerland during the war years () a deflation policy. They finally devalued the strong Swiss franc by 30% in Foreign policy. To avoid another global conflict, the international community established the League of for an armed national defence. Class war was replaced by support for finding a peaceful.
For centuries, the tiny Alpine nation of Switzerland has adhered to a policy of armed neutrality in global affairs. Switzerland isn’t the world’s only neutral country—the likes of Ireland.
I finally had a chance to read John McPhee's book La Place de la Concorde Suisse, his somewhat off-puttingly titled look at the Swiss military and its elaborately engineered landscape.
On Augthe Soviet Union detonated its first nuclear device at a remote site in Kazakhstan, signaling a new and terrifying phase in the Cold the.
Description Switzerland"s defence and security policy during the Cold War (1945-1973) FB2
Switzerland - Switzerland - World War I and economic crisis: Switzerland maintained its neutrality in World War I, but the conflict not only engendered heavy tensions between the Germanophone Swiss and their French- and Italian-speaking countrymen—the result of each group’s cultural identification with the combatants—but also cast a weighty burden on the working class.
Projekt, best known as P, was a stay-behind army in Switzerland charged with countering a possible invasion of the country. The existence of P (along with P) as secret intelligence agencies dissimulated in the military intelligence agency was revealed in November by the PUK EMD Parliamentary Commission headed by senator Carlo Schmid.
Switzerland. Three things come to mind: watches, chocolate and neutrality. And for good reason. Firstly, Switzerland is home to both Rolex and Omega which can boast the titles of ‘first watch on the moon’, ‘James Bond’s official watch since ’, and the watch of choice for both the American and British armies during World War One.
Switzerland's obsession with fallout shelters stems from the cold war and the looming threat of nuclear war. After the Cuban missile crisis, the country passed the first laws for the creation of.
Details Switzerland"s defence and security policy during the Cold War (1945-1973) FB2
Switzerland's reputation as a neutral safe-haven during World War 11 has been badly tarnished by recent revelations about its wartime transactions with Germany. Switzerland is an example of a state that practiced this doctrine during the Cold War.
Its defense went far beyond the armed forces and included the economic and psychological mobilization of the. Dr. Thomas R. Johnson’s four-part top secret codeword history of the National Security Agency, American Cryptology during the Cold War, ), three parts of which have been released to date, is a unique and invaluable study for readers interested in the history of U.S.
intelligence during the Cold War or for those who are simply interested in the role of the secretive National Security.
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Swiss remove last Cold War-era explosives from German border bridge. Explosives, laid during the Cold War, have been removed from Säckinger Bridge, which connects Switzerland.
Defence Commission concludes that the war-time organisation needs to be restructured and reinforced during the coming Defence Bill period.
The Defence Commission proposes the establishment of a new war-time organisation as of 1 January It will be manned with available trained personnel and make use of existing equipment, to the extent. Nigeria. The Nigeria Security and Civil Defence Corps "is a para-military agency of the Government of the Federal Republic of Nigeria that is commissioned into provide measures against threat and any form of attack or disaster against the nation and its citizenry.".
Americas Brazil. States and some cities have their own civil defense measures, overseen by the Ministry of National.As the defense analysts James Jay Carafano and Paul Rosenzweig have observed, Eisenhower built his Cold War foreign policy, largely based on the policy of containment, on four pillars: Providing security through “a strong mix of both offensive and defensive means.” Maintaining a robust economy.The Swiss turned a Jewish refugees from Switzerland during the war, three times as many as had been assumed up until that point.
the Swiss Franc to gold was a policy of defense of.
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